(Free Press Release) Indian Cinema has had a profound effect on motion pictures across the world since the early 20th century. The foundation of the Indian film industry can be traced to the late 19th century. However, it was not until the 1920s, which is regarded as the period when India truly established a film industry, that it really gained momentum. Saluting the Indian film industry, through interviews of film critics, actors, directors and avid fans IBN-Lokmat bring a new series of “Factrichi 100 Varsh” on Sunday, 20th May 2012 at 1:30 pm and 9:30 pm.
The birth of Indian cinema, a hundred years ago, commenced with Dadasaheb Phalke‘s block buster ´Raja Harishchandra‘. The film industry then had to wait for a long eighteen years to get it first film in talkie. Directed by Ardeshir Irani, ´Alam Ara‘ was first debuted at the Majestic Cinema in Mumbai on March 1931. In the next four years the transition from silent cinema to sound technology was complete. The coming of the talkie was not simply silent films learning to talk, it was a technological revolution that transformed film industries the world over.
New sound studios were built, technology and technical personnel imported from the West, movie theatres updated with latest sound systems and a new lot of 'singing stars' contracted at unheard of prices. Bombay being the country's commercial and industrial capital with the largest concentration of merchant capital, best handled the transition. The coming of the talkie not only made film-making more expensive, but also fragmented the film market. The three most important new names of the talkie era were Bombay Talkies, New Theatres in Calcutta and Prabhat Films in Pune, whose distinctive styles gave Indian cinema some of its enduring categories.
This week‘s episode will focus on the super technical transition that Indian Cinema went through, with the coming of sound technology. Film critic Anil Zankar remembers the golden era and helps viewers understand the period and its challenges. Tune into “Factrichi 100 Varsh” on Sunday, 20th May at 1:30 pm and 9:30 pm only on IBN-Lokmat.