The term hemorrhoids refers to a condition in which the veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed.
Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and above the anus (internal) or under the skin around the anus (external). Hemorrhoids arise from congestion of internal and/or external venous plexuses around the anal canal.
It is not known why hemorrhoids enlarge. Hemorrhoids may result from straining to move stool. Other contributing factors include pregnancy, aging, chronic constipation or diarrhea, and anal intercourse. Pregnancy is a clear cause of enlarged hemorrhoids though, again, the reason is not clear.
Hemorrhoids can occur for the following reasons:
. chronic diarrhea
. chronic constipation
. straining to move stool (related to the previous one)
. sitting for long periods (especially sitting for long periods at a time in the toilet)
. anal intercourse
. genetics - some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids
Tumors in the pelvis also can cause an enlargement of hemorrhoids by pressing on veins draining upwards from the anal canal.
It is also thought that using force to pass a stool, particularly a hard stool, through the anal canal can drag the hemorrhoidal cushions downward and enlarge them.
Another theory suggests that with age or an aggravating condition, the supporting tissue that is responsible for anchoring the hemorrhoids to the underlying muscle of the anal canal deteriorates.
Therefore, with time, the hemorrhoidal tissue loses its mooring and slides down into the anal canal.Many people suffer from hemorrhoids to some degree. The older you are the more likely you are to suffer from hemorrhoids also however this does not mean that young people and children cannot get them. Hemorrhoids dont descriminate at all. Some people are just more prone to get them.
Hemorrhoids are much more common among men than women although a woman is most likely to get them when she is pregnant and they can stay with her afterwards. Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and above the inside of the anus. They can also appear externally, under the skin of the anus.
Dont forget there is no need to continue suffering with the shooting pain of external hemorroids. There are many treatments on the market today from creams, suppositories, pads and in extreme cases you may need to discuss surgery with your doctor.
Make sure you try the least dramatic treatment first such as using an effective and proven all natural hemorroid cream or suppositories depending on your type of hemorrhoid.
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